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Meski Varietas Baru, tapi Omsetnya “Mematil” – e-preneur.co
Home / Agro Bisnis / Meski Varietas Baru, tapi Omsetnya “Mematil”

Meski Varietas Baru, tapi Omsetnya “Mematil”

Lele Python

Varietas lele unggulan semakin bermunculan. Salah satunya yaitu Lele Python, yang dalam waktu singkat menggeser posisi Lele Sangkuriang. Sebab, masa panennya lebih cepat, lebih mudah dipelihara, tingkat kematiannya rendah, harga jualnya tinggi, dan sebagainya

e-preneur.co. Lele (Latin: Clarias, red.) merupakan ikan air tawar yang sangat akrab di telinga masyarakat kita. Sebab, selain berasa gurih, juga memiliki prospek bisnis yang menjanjikan.

Lele Dumbo dan Lele Sangkuriang adalah dua varietas lele yang selama ini paling sering diternakan. Sementara yang (boleh dibilang) terbaru yakni Lele Python, yang dikembangkan di Sumatra Utara (Sumut).

Menurut Safril, Ketua Pembudidayaan Lele Python Langkat, Lele Python lebih menjanjikan dibandingkan Lele Dumbo. “Lele Dumbo baru bisa dipanen dalam tempo tiga bulan. Sedangkan Lele Python hanya 1,5 bulan dan dapat dijual dengan rata-rata 5–8 ekor/kg,” ucap Safril, yang bersama beberapa temannya menternakan lele ini di Desa Banyumas, Kecamatan Stabat, Kabupaten Langkat, Sumut.

Salah satu indikator tingginya kualitas Lele Python, ia menambahkan, bisa dilihat dari konversi pakannya di mana dengan FCR (Food Conversion Ratio) 1:1 itu berarti 1 kg pakan yang diberikan kepada ikan ini juga akan menghasilkan 1 kg daging. Berbeda dengan FCR Lele Sangkuriang yang 1:0,81.

Selain itu, meski termasuk varietas baru, Lele Python tidak sulit dipelihara. Ikan yang merupakan hasil perkawinan silang antara Lele Afrika dengan Lele Thailand ini, hampir sama dengan lele pada umumnya tapi dengan tingkat kematian cuma 5%–10%. Persentase rendah ini tercapai, karena sejak kecil sudah diberikan imunisasi.

30 ribu–50 ribu ribu sekali bertelur

“Sejak bayi, kami sudah memberikan imunisasi kepada mereka berupa super tetra agar aman terjamin. Selain itu, kalau berkelahi dengan sesama jenisnya dan ada yang luka kena patil, maka lukanya cepat sembuh,” jelas Safril yang bersama beberapa temannya menternakan lele ini di lahan seluas 1.600 m² dan dengan 24 kolam.

 Lele ini, ia melanjutkan, juga varietas yang fit dan lincah, serta beratnya berton-ton. “Karena gesit, rasanya lebih enak dan kandungan lemaknya sedikit. Apalagi, lele pada umumnya mengandung omega-3 yang baik untuk tubuh. Di samping itu, produktivitasnya tinggi yakni mencapai 30 ribu–50 ribu ribu sekali bertelur,” papar mantan pemain Persatuan Sepak Bola Medan dan Sekitarnya era ‘80-an ini.

Untuk kolamnya, Safril tidak hanya bertumpu pada kolam tanah dan batu, tapi juga memanfaatkan bahan plastik terpal berwarna biru. “Jadi, tidak harus repot kalau memang mau. Jika lahan di rumah terbatas, tinggal ambil bambu yang lantas dirangkai sederhana, lalu dialasi terpal,” jelas Safril, yang menjual bibitnya dengan harga yang terbilang sangat murah agar masyarakat mampu membelinya.

Di sisi lain, Safril tidak meragukan pangsa pasar lele baru ini. Meski, masih samar terdengar di Sumut dan harga jualnya masih di bawah Lele Dumbo. Ia yakin, usaha ini sangat menjanjikan dibanding jenis lele lain.

Catatan

Dalam pembibitan Lele Python:

  • Jagalah kebersihan kolam dari parasit. Karena, meski mempunyai daya tahan tubuh yang baik, kebersihan media Lele Python juga wajib diperhatikan. Pada kolam pembenihan, sebaiknya bersihkan air kolam seminggu sekali. Sementara pada kolam pembesaran, pengurasan kolam bisa dilakukan sekaligus ketika panen ikan.
  • Jika ingin terjun ke usaha pembenihan Lele Python, disarankan untuk menggunakan 10 unit kolam terpal, misalnya ukuran 2 m x 3 m. Begitu juga dengan usaha pembesaran, para pemula bisa memulai dengan 10 unit kolam terpal atau kolam tanah dengan ukuran yang lebih besar per kolamnya, misalnya ukuran 4 m x 6 m dengan padat tebar benih 100 ekor/m².

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