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Risiko Kematiannya Hanya 2%−3% – e-preneur.co
Home / Agro Bisnis / Risiko Kematiannya Hanya 2%−3%

Risiko Kematiannya Hanya 2%−3%

Domba

Baik kambing maupun domba mempunyai bentuk fisik yang mirip. Demikian pula dengan pemanfaatannya. Tapi, ternyata, dalam pengembangbiakkannya, domba lebih unggul daripada kambing. Sehingga, ketersediaannya di pasar lebih bisa dijamin dan harga belinya lebih bisa ditekan

e-preneur.co. Domba (Latin: ovis aries, red.), dibandingkan kambing, memiliki daya tahan tubuh yang kuat, adaptif, dan pertumbuhan atau pertambahan bobot tubuhnya lebih cepat. Terutama, Domba Gibas dan Domba Ekor Gemuk. Dari segi pakan pun, domba tidak pilih-pilih.

Dan, sama halnya dengan kambing, domba pun sudah layak kawin pada umur delapan bulan. Lalu, selama dua tahun, domba betina akan mengalami kehamilan dan kelahiran sampai tiga kali, dengan rata-rata setiap kelahiran dua anak. Sesudah itu, biasanya masa hidupnya harus diakhiri dengan menjadi santapan di meja makan. Karena, ia sudah tidak mungkin lagi dijadikan indukan.

Berbeda dengan nasib domba jantan yang menjadi pejantan. Sebab, ia harus “bertanggung jawab” atas 10 domba betina. Dengan demikian, ia masih akan dibiarkan hidup sampai masa hidupnya benar-benar berakhir yaitu pada umur lima tahun.

“Meski anak-anak domba sudah disapih pada umur dua bulan, tapi mereka baru layak jual pada umur enam bulan. Sebab, umur 0−4 bulan merupakan masa pembentukan rangka, di samping masih ringkih untuk dipindah-pindahkan. Jadi, sebaiknya masih tetap berada di tangan peternaknya,” jelas Syahrizal, peternak domba dari Bogor.

Berbeda dengan anak-anak domba yang telah berumur 4−6 bulan di mana badan sudah terbentuk dan rangka sudah optimal. “Sehingga, tinggal penggemukan saja,” lanjut pemilik Domba Ekor Tipis, Domba Ekor Gemuk, dan Kambing Jawa ini.

Daya tahan tubuhnya kuat, adaptif, dan pertambahan bobot tubuhnya lebih cepat

Dari segi pemanfaatannya, domba bukan hanya dapat “diambil” dagingnya, melainkan juga kulitnya (bukan bulunya, red.). Selain itu, kotorannya dapat dijadikan pupuk kandang. Bahkan, urinnya pun bisa diolah menjadi pupuk cair. Sementara tanduknya, beberapa peternak domba dalam skala besar sudah memanfaatkannya untuk produk kerajinan tangan.

Terakhir, sama halnya dengan kambing, domba dapat pula dijadikan hewan kurban dan upacara-upacara keagamaan lain dalam Islam. Misalnya, akikah. Menurut Rizal, sapaan akrabnya, setiap bulan ia menerima permintaan rata-rata 30 ekor domba untuk akikah dari wilayah Tangerang, Depok, Bogor, Pondok Aren, Bintaro, dan Jakarta Selatan.

Namun, lantaran merasa belum puas, untuk meningkatkan permintaan domba untuk akikah hingga 50 ekor/bulan, sarjana telekomunikasi dari Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Telkom, Bandung, ini menjalin kerja sama dengan berbagai rumah sakit bersalin. Sementara untuk hewan kurban, ia menargetkan 300 ekor−400 ekor/bulan dengan membuka kemitraan.

“Saya yakin target-target itu akan tercapai. Mengingat, kesadaran masyarakat untuk berakikah meningkat dan adanya berbagai rumah makan yang mampu menyerap domba dalam jumlah besar. Di sisi lain, ketersediaan domba dijamin (risiko kematian hanya 2%−3%) dan harganya masih bisa ditekan (lebih murah ketimbang kambing),” pungkas pemilik peternakan seluas 250 m², optimis.

Catatan

Bila lokasi peternakan di dekat perkotaan, Rizal menyarakan agar memilih penggemukan daripada pembibitan. Mengingat, bau kotoran dan air kencing domba sangat menyengat, di samping biaya operasional dapat ditekan dan perputaran modalnya lebih cepat. Untuk itu:

  • Gunakan kandang yang bagus di mana ada jarak 1 m antara kandang dengan tanah. Sehingga, air kencing dan kotoran yang jatuh akan diserap dengan baik oleh tanah. Imbasnya, gas amoniak yang keluar dari urin dan kotoran tidak akan langsung dihirup oleh paru-paru domba.
  • Risiko kematian 2%−3%.

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