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Harga Jualnya Tiga Kali Lipat Lebih Mahal Daripada Kepiting Biasa – e-preneur.co
Home / Agro Bisnis / Harga Jualnya Tiga Kali Lipat Lebih Mahal Daripada Kepiting Biasa

Harga Jualnya Tiga Kali Lipat Lebih Mahal Daripada Kepiting Biasa

Kepiting Cangkang Lunak

 

Budidaya kepiting cangkang lunak, bukanlah suatu usaha baru. Tapi, belum banyak orang yang menggelutinya. Sehingga, permintaan pasar lokal pun belum terpenuhi

 

[su_pullquote]Setelah moulting, kepiting akan bertambah bobot tubuhnya mencapai ¼–½ dari berat semula[/su_pullquote]

e-preneur.co. Kepiting, dilihat dari siklus hidupnya, dimulai dari telur, zoea, megalope, juvenile, hingga kepiting dewasa. Perubahan dari siklus yang satu ke siklus yang lain, akan membuat kepiting mengalami pergantian kulit atau cangkang yang disebut moulting. Pada saat moulting, binatang yang dapat dijumpai di semua samudera dunia ini akan menghasilkan cangkang baru yang lunak.

Dengan kata lain, moulting dilakukan hewan dari infraordo brachyura (Yunani, brachy = pendek, ura = ekor) atau yang memiliki “ekor” sangat pendek ini, sebagai tanda bahwa tubuhnya telah tumbuh dan berkembang. Selain itu, moulting juga dilakukan Mister Crab (salah satu tokoh dalam kartun SpongeBob SquarePants, red.) ini, untuk reproduksi (melakukan perkawinan) dan mempertahankan diri dari kondisi yang kurang menguntungkan.

“Kepiting akan stres bila kondisi lingkungan hidupnya tidak menguntungkan. Agar survive, hewan ini pun berganti kulit,” ungkap Reny Sri Rahayu, pebisnis kepiting cangkang lunak di Pertambakan Tritih Kulon, Cilacap, Jawa Tengah.

Di sisi lain, para pebisnis kepiting cangkang lunak justru akan memanipulasi lingkungan yang tidak disukai kepiting. Tujuannya, tentu saja supaya “saudara sepupu” dari ketam dan rajungan ini segera berganti cangkang.

Moulting juga dipengaruhi oleh faktor hormon. “Pada tangkai mata kepiting terdapat MIH (Moulting Inhibing Hormone), yang berfungsi mengatur pergantian kulit. Hormon ini, juga mengatur dan menghambat kerja MH (Moulting Hormone), yang berfungsi menstimulasi pergantian kulit. Dengan memotong tangkai mata itu, kita dapat menghilangkan efek MIH. Sehingga, kepiting dapat segera berganti kulit,” lanjutnya.

Pemotongan kaki jalan, ia menambahkan, juga mampu mempercepat moulting. Di sisi lain, pematahan atau pemotongan kaki jalan dan capit kepiting, juga untuk menghindarkan kepiting keluar dari keranjang, saling memangsa, atau merangsang pertumbuhan organ baru.

“Perlu diketahui, kepiting adalah hewan yang mempunyai alat gerak berupa sepasang capit, tiga pasang kaki jalan, dan sepasang kaki renang (bentuknya pipih),” jelas Reny, yang menamai usahanya Ghodam Project.

Dengan demikian, ada banyak metode untuk mempercepat moulting. Metode itu masih akan terus bertambah banyak. Mengingat, sampai sekarang masih dilakukan berbagai penelitian untuk mempercepat moulting.

Sekadar informasi, secara normal, kepiting melakukan pergantian kulit setiap 1–2 bulan sekali, tergantung pada umur atau ukuran tubuh mereka. Tapi, dengan berbagai metode tersebut di atas, pergantian kulit dapat terjadi hanya dalam waktu 14–25 hari.

Untuk bisnisnya, sarjana biologi dari Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Jawa Tengah, ini menggunakan Kepiting Bakau (Scylla sp.) berbobot 70 gr–150 gr. “Karena, benih kepiting ini mudah diperoleh dari alam. Sedangkan dilihat dari bobotnya, pada bobot segitu, kepiting cepat moulting dan memang begitulah permintaan pasar. Sehingga, dalam 1 kg bisa diperoleh 8–12 ekor. Perlu diketahui, setelah moulting, kepiting akan bertambah bobot tubuhnya mencapai ¼–½ dari berat semula,” paparnya.

Dalam “memproduksi” kepiting cangkang lunak, Reny langsung memasukkan kepiting ke dalam keramba (wadah buah klengkeng, red.) yang berukuran 50 cm x 35 cm x 15 cm. “Tapi, sekarang, setelah pemotongan kaki, kami memasukkannya terlebih dulu ke dalam kolam pemeliharaan. Setelah 1–2 minggu baru dipindahkan ke saung pemanenan (bentuk kolamnya mirip dengan kolam pemeliharaan, tapi ukurannya lebih kecil dan airnya lebih dangkal, red.). Sebagian di antaranya, kami pindahkan ke keramba agar keramba yang sudah ada tidak mubah. Di dalam setiap keramba itu, dimasukkan 10 ekor kepiting,” bebernya.

Dengan cara baru itu, ia menambahkan, kepiting menjadi lebih sehat, lebih berisi, angka kematian berkurang, dan (menurut mereka yang pernah memakannya dan mengetahui perbedaan rasanya) lebih gurih. “Yang lebih penting dari itu semua yaitu mengurangi biaya produksi. Karena, investasinya lebih murah ketimbang menggunakan keramba dan lebih tahan lama (nilai penyusutannya kecil),” ungkapnya.

Namun, menurutnya, berapa pun produksi Ghodam project per bulan masih tetap belum mampu memenuhi pasar dalam negeri. Padahal, harganya tiga kali lipat lebih mahal ketimbang kepiting cangkang keras/kepiting biasa per kilogramnya, dengan bobot yang sama (100 gr–200 gr).

Dengan demikian, jelas sekali bahwa prospek bisnis kepiting soka ini sangat bagus. Tidakkah Anda tertarik untuk terjun ke bisnis ini?

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