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Semudah memelihara anjing kampung – e-preneur.co
Home / Agro Bisnis / Semudah memelihara anjing kampung

Semudah memelihara anjing kampung

Golden Retriever

Anjing dikenal sebagai sahabat manusia. Tapi, tanpa mengurangi rasa sayang dan bermaksud mengeksploitasi, adakalanya hewan yang sangat setia dengan majikan mereka ini “dikembangbiakkan”. Seperti, pembiakan Golden Retriever yang secara bisnis sangat menjanjikan. Bahkan, untuk skala rumahan sekali pun

golden retriever-3

e-preneur.co. Golden Retriever. Sesuai dengan namanya, anjing yang asal usulnya dari Eropa tapi berkembang biak di Amerika Serikat (AS) ini, memiliki bulu keemasan (golden) dan sifat selalu mengembalikan kembali barang-barang ke empunya (to retrieve).

Di samping itu, meski bertubuh besar, anjing yang memiliki warna dari sangat putih hingga sangat cokelat ini, dikenal sebagai binatang rumahan atau jenis anjing keluarga. Mengingat, sifatnya yang ramah sekali, sekali pun kepada orang yang baru beberapa detik dikenalnya.

Namun, jika dilatih secara teratur, walau cuma lima menit per hari, anjing bertampang lucu tersebut juga dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai pelacak narkoba atau bom, penuntun orang buta atau cacat lainnya, dan membantu pemburu menemukan binatang buruannya. Sebab, anjing yang mulai sering dijumpai di beberapa bandara ini, dikenal pula sangat pintar.

“Karena kelebihan-kelebihannya itulah, saya membiakkan Golden Retriever,” kata Jani Lauw, breeder di bawah bendera Golden Castle Kennel sekaligus pemilik 30 ekor Golden Retriever.

Selain itu, anjing jenis ini sangat gampang dipelihara.Karena, mereka tidak banyak makan. “Semudah memelihara anjing kampunglah,” lanjut pria, yang membiakkan anjing-anjing ini di kawasan Puri Indah, Jakarta Barat.

[su_pullquote align=”right”]Meski Populasinya Melimpah, Tapi Harga Pasarannya Tidak Pernah Jatuh[/su_pullquote]

Ia juga tidak mempunyai penyakit keturunan. “Kemungkinan hidup anak-anak yang dilahirkan mencapai 99%,” imbuhnya. Sebab itu, harap maklum, bila populasinya kini menempati peringkat pertama di Indonesia.

Uniknya, meski populasinya merajai anjing-anjing jenis lain, tapi harga pasarannya tidak jatuh yaitu antara Rp1 juta hingga Rp75 juta per ekor (plus sertifikat yang menjelaskan asal-usul mereka), mengingat jumlah penggemarnya pun tak kalah banyak.Sekadar informasi, di AS, Golden Retriever yang pernah memenangkan suatu perlombaan (champion, red.) laku dijual dengan harga Rp3,5 milyar.

Dengan kata lain, Jani menambahkan, pembiakan Golden Retriever merupakan peluang bisnis yang sangat menjanjikan.Bahkan, untuk skala rumahan sekali pun.

“Contoh, peliharalah dua atau tiga betina Golden Retriever. Lalu, kawinkan dengan sistem kawin putus dengan pejantan dari breeder lain atau sistem bagi anak. Dua bulan setelah dilahirkan, anakan Golden Retriever sudah dapat dijual ke pet shop. Hasil penjualan ini sangat menguntungkan.Karena, dengan harga minimal Rp1 juta/ekor, bila anakan yang dilahirkan 8−10 ekor per induk (satu induk Golden Retriever mampu melahirkan 13 anakan, red.), maka sang breeder akan meraup minimal Rp8 juta−Rp10 juta setiap kali ia menjual binatang-binatang mungil ini,” jelasnya.

Perlu diingat! Golden Retriever betina mulai dikawinkan pada umur minimal 20 bulan, melahirkan setiap enam bulan sekali, dan tidak mengalami mati haid (menopause, red.) hingga ia mati pada umur sekitar 15 tahun. “Di sisi lain, sebagai anjing berukuran besar favorit, peminatnya tidak enggan berada dalam daftar tunggu,” lanjut pria, yang pernah mengekspor Golden Retriever-nya ke India ini.

Sekadar informasi, dalam dunia perkawinan anjing terdapat dua sistem yaitu kawin putus dan bagi anak. Dalam sistem kawin putus, terdapat sejumlah uang yang harus dikeluarkan oleh breeder, yang ingin menyewa pejantan. Selanjutnya, anak-anak anjing yang dilahirkan menjadi milik sepenuhnya si pemilik anjing betina.

Sedangkan dalam sistem bagi anak, tidak ada uang yang dikeluarkan.Tapi, pemilik pejantan akan mendapat satu dari sekian anak anjing yang dilahirkan. “Kalau anak yang dilahirkan cuma satu ya itu jatah si empunya pejantan. Selain itu, pemilik pejantan juga berhak untuk memilihnya terlebih dulu,” ucapnya.

Di sini, juga terdapat pawang anjing atau seseorang yang bertugas membantu proses perkawinan tersebut. “Sebab, jika menunggu terjadinya perkawinan alami akan butuh waktu hingga setengah hari atau bahkan tidak pernah terjadi perkawinan sama sekali. Sebaliknya, bila dengan pawang anjing hanya butuh waktu 15 menit−30 menit,” ungkapnya.

Breeder, ia melanjutkan, pada umumnya menjual anakan Golden Retriever pada umur dua bulan, bukan karena pada umur segitu mereka sudah disapih (berhenti minum susu induknya, red.), melainkan karena mereka sedang berada di usia lucu-lucunya.

“Padahal, bagi mereka yang baru belajar bagaimana caranya memelihara anjing, Golden Retriever yang baru berumur dua bulan sangat merepotkan dan masih sangat rapuh.Karena, vaksinnya pun belum komplet. Sehingga, biasanya si pemilik akan malas mengurusnya dan rusaklah anjing ini.Misalnya, ia tumbuh dengan kaki bengkok,” ujarnya.

Sebab itu,sebaiknya mereka dijual ketika berumur empat bulan.Dalam arti, mereka sudah lebih mudah diurus dan daya tahan tubuhnya pun sudah lebih baik.

Di satu sisi, di negara ini, anjing memang masih sebatas anjing, belum menjadi bagian dari keluarga, laiknya di mancanegara. Di samping, juga karena terbatasnya daya beli. Di sisi lain, ada banyak pihak, termasuk mereka yang tinggal di luar negeri, yang rela mengantri untuk bisa mendapatkan sahabat setia manusia ini. Bukankah ini peluang yang layak ditangkap?

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